The international community remains concerned with the ability of transnational mining corporations to operate outside the law, with a lack of enforced accountability for violations committed. A culture of impunity has been perpetuated, partly due to jurisdictional challenges, and this must end. Canada is deeply implicated, based both on its stature as home of the largest number of mining companies and the preeminent centre of global mining finance, and its official policy and financial support for the industry. Canadian mining corporations that operate outside Canada and that violate domestic and/or international law and norms in the countries in which they operate must be held to account in appropriate tribunals. They must not be allowed to use complicated investment and corporate structures to raise jurisdictional challenges to such cases.
Banro Corporation, operating gold mines in the eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), serves as a case study for the need to find solutions to protect not only the diverse and sensitive eco-system of the region, but also the lives, dignity, and human rights of its people.
We wish to express our deep sense of loss for our comrade, Gloria Chicaiza Aguilar, who succumbed to complications from a lung transplant on December 28, 2019.
We prepared this list of key readings as background for the conference "Turning Down the Heat: Can We Mine Our Way Out of the Climate Crisis?" It is not exhaustive nor comprehensive, but we hope it represents some of the key threads in this discussion.
Statement leading up to the COP25 in Santiago de Chile (now relocated to Madrid, Spain)
Since October 2, Indigenous organizations, along with trade unions, social movements and peasant organizations have been demonstrating across Ecuador against a set of economic austerity measures (called the Paquetazo) imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other international lending institutions that have resulted in increases of up to 120% in fuel prices; labour reforms that seriously undermine worker protections in Ecuador, such as job precarization, a downward “harmonization” of wages resulting in a 20% cut for new contracts in public sector jobs; and imposition of extractive projects (mining, oil, and gas) in a misdirected effort to solve the debt crisis. These mobilizations are indicative of a broad, decades-long opposition of Indigenous and campesino communities in particular to the imposition of extractive projects in their territories.